Types of qualitative research include phenomenology, grounded theory, and ethnographic research. Phenomenology researches the experiences of the participants through the occurrence of the phenomenon, grounded theory collects data and tests the results to generate a theory, and that ethnographic observes participants in a natural setting.
Types of quantitative design include descriptive, correlational, casual, and experimental research. Descriptive research attempts to describe the current status of an independent variable. Correlational research determines relationships between different variables. Casual research includes comparative and quasi-experimental. Casual research attempts to establish a cause effect relationship. Experimental research changes independent variables to measure the effects of dependent variables.
Qualitative versus Quantitative Research
Qualitative research can be more interpretive than quantitative research.
Structured, semi-structured, and unstructured interview types provides different opportunities for gathering information. With the advance of digital communications, there are more capabilities for recording and analyzing interview communications.
Randomized trials provide the best results in certain types of research. In certain cases, randomized trials can be difficult to obtain or very expensive.
In theoretical saturation, existing theories are examined to present a strong enough case for the emerging theory.
Regulation, review, and compliance for single site and multi-site research.
Risk assessment and mitigation
Identifying, assessing, and mitigating risks.
Internal and external review
Auditing research practices with industry standards, requirements, and models.
Ethical considerations in research
Ethical concerns regarding the security and privacy of data analysis has is a factor when considering the impact of data analysis on the organization.
Personal information privacy
New technology and more communication with technology lead to increasing amounts of personal data storage and the need for more privacy.
Security issues in research
Information security continues to be an issue for information technology with information being stored at more locations with varying types of access.